HOW WAS THE STATE OF ISRAEL FORMED?
Between 1896 and 1948, hundreds of thousands of Jews resettled from Europe to what was then British-controlled Palestine, including large numbers forced out of Europe during the Holocaust, explains Vox.
The dilemma that faced post-war British politicians was that Britain had made too many promises to too many different interests, explains Marie-Astrid Purton of Warwick University.
The British had promised the Arabs that Palestine would fall into their jurisdiction, but at the same time, they had also promised the Jews a national home.
Thus the Government had an obligation to both peoples in a situation that demanded a compromise, one that would please no-one, she adds
Vox writes: “Many Arabs saw the influx of Jews as a European colonial movement, and the two peoples fought bitterly.
“The British couldn’t control the violence, and in 1947 the United Nations voted to split the land into two countries.”